Coal research, development and demonstration funding, CCC/25

Author(s): Yoshimitsu Ishihara, Sarah Benson ,

Ref: CCC/25
ISBN: 92-9029-335-7
Published Date: 01/12/1999
No. of Tables: 18
No. of Figures: 8
No. of Pages: 36

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During the last 20 years, RD&D expenditure on coal has experienced a steep decline in the IEA countries. Funding had reached a peak in the early 1980s when governments were investing heavily in the development of technology which offered the possibility of converting solid fuels to liquids, in the wake of the oil crisis. In 1981, the total reported expenditure on coal RD&D by IEA member countries was US$ 2.26 billion (1995 prices and exchange rates), of which more than half (US$ 1.31 billion) was directed at coal conversion. In the mid to late 1980s, as energy policy moved away from an emphasis on energy security, diversity and sustainability, the total coal RD&D budget decreased and coal conversion research was allocated a much smaller share of the budget. During the 1990s, the focus of coal RD&D has moved towards technology which may offer environmental benefits, as concerns regarding global climate change and environmental damage have escalated. This is mainly through the development of technology which can improve the efficiency of coal combustion or reduce emissions of pollutants. By 1997, RD&D expenditure on coal by IEA countries was dominated by four regions: Australia, the European Union, Japan and USA. This report presents details of these government funded RD&D programmes, identifying where possible coal projects and sources of funding.

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